Jim has over 26 years experience in the telecom business, the last 18 years with ADTRAN, Inc. Jim is a Graduate of University of KY and the Lexington Technical Institute. He started his career in 1987 with GTE TestMark Laboratories evaluating telecommunications products against internal and industry standards with a focus on Lightning and Power Fault issues. In 1995, Jim began working for ADTRAN, Inc. as a compliance engineer responsible for safety listings, FCC Part 68, FCC Part15, and Telcordia NEBS, and ITU testing. In 1998, Jim began working with TIA, and committee T1 (now ATIS) on industry standards development and has been the editor of several documents as well as a major contributor. Jim has been involved in all the Telcordia GR-1089, GR-63, GR-3108, GR-487, and GR-950 revisions since 2002. Over the past several years Jim has also been involved in transient reliability, and studying the root causes of a wide variety of transient related field issues.